Wood based materials

The term “wood-based materials” usually stands for panel-shaped products made from various intermediate products gained from wood. The best known products of this type in Europe are most easily categorised under the terms “plywood”, “flake board” and “fibre board”.
In their applications, a general differentiation is made between those used in the construction industry (mostly static load carrying) and those used in furniture and packaging (non-load or low-load carrying). Countless new developments – mainly from America and Scandinavia – now mean the above categorisation is no longer accurate. Besides the traditional panel-shaped materials, pole or beam-shaped materials or composite products, like I-girders, have now been developed to make up for the decreasing availability of high quality solid wood or veneer wood.

The following pages are intended to give a rough overview of the most important wood-based materials in Europe, which we have divided in to three main groups:

•Materials based on plywood

•Materials based on particle board

•Materials based on fibre board.

Particle and fibre board based materials can, in principle, be manufactured endlessly on continuous presses, though subsequent processing and transport limits the panel sizes normally to approx. 5.60 m x 2.6 m.
Depending on the wood type and application in the particular building, wood-based materials should be protected against attack by wood-destroying organisms. Information on the protective treatment of wood-based materials can be found here.